Brian Davey DDS

This Disease Can Raise Your Blood Sugar

progressions stages of gum disease periodontitis

Blood sugar levels can be the difference between life and death for those suffering from Diabetes. Recently scientists have discovered that people with severe gum disease have higher long-term blood sugar levels, are at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes, have a harder time controlling their type 2 diabetes and have a higher risk of experiencing harm to their eyes and kidneys as well as a higher risk of having a heart attack or stroke if they have diabetes. 

These findings are huge when it comes to dentists like Dr. Davey and his team who are a part of the American Academy of Oral and Systemic Health who believe in the enormous connection of oral health and complete health of the entire body. Now we have more evidence to support that oral health can play a huge role in our overall health. 

The study noted severe gum disease as the culprit for all of these risks so let’s break down the stages of gum disease and learn a little more about it. Gum disease has 4 stages as the image above illustrates:

  1. Healthy Gums and Teeth 

In this stage, you’re brushing and flossing twice a day and teeth and gums are looking great. They are healthy and your gums are pink. 

  1. Gingivitis

This is the first stage of periodontitis, or gum disease. Gums have started to turn a little red and swollen. Your breath is beginning to smell bad. Gums may begin to bleed when flossing or brushing.  Damage is reversible at this point if treatment begins immediately. 

  1. Moderate Periodontitis

This is the second stage of periodontitis, or gum disease. Damage is now irreversible. There is more redness. Swelling and bleeding. Damage extends below the gumline and is starting to affect the bone. May begin to enter the bloodstream. 

  1. Advanced Periodontitis. 

This is the final stage of periodontitis.  Teeth have begun to lose their structural support. They may begin to come loose. Abscesses begin forming. Gums are extremely inflamed. It becomes difficult to chew and eat. Severe halitosis has set in. Tooth loss increases.  Studies like these continue to show the links between our oral health and our overall body health. Periodontal disease, or gum disease has been linked to diabetes, heart disease and many other health conditions. It’s important to stay up to date with your twice yearly professional cleanings and exams so we can spot problems as early as possible and keep your mouth healthy! If you haven’t had your check up or cleaning in the last 6 months call us or visit our online booking form here!